Main Areas of Research

The research of the Kolleg on the history of Eastern and Southeastern Europe in the twentieth century is divided into five main areas:

  • War, Violence and Oppression
  • Statehood
  • Challenges of Modernity
  • Intellectual Horizons
  • History and the Public Sphere


In each area the comparative approach is developed at two levels. We compare developments in all five areas in the different countries and national societies of Eastern Europe before locating them in the context of broader European experiences.
The five research areas are conceptualized and coordinated by the Kolleg´s permanent research staff.