Dr. Viorel Achim

Curriculum Vitae

Fellow at the Imre Kertész Kolleg Jena from January to December 2012. Viorel Achim works on a project about the Romanian-German relations in ethnopolitics between 1940-1944. Since 1991 he is a researcher at the Nicolae Iorga Institute of History in Bucharest. In 2003, Achim received his PhD from the Romanian Academy and has been promoted to a Senior Researcher in 2008. He studied history at the University of Bucharest from 1982 to 1986. Viorel Achim participated in different reseach projects in Romanian and in international teams. Between 2003-2004 he was a member of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania.

Research project at the Kolleg

The project aims to make a comprehensive research on the Romanian-German relations in ethnopolitics from 1940 to 1944, a period when Romania and Germany were in a political and military alliance. Relations refer to: 1) know-how transfer - because it involves the Romanians' takeover of some concepts, techniques etc. from the German "science" and politics; 2) cooperation - because it was about the effective cooperation between German and Romanian experts and institutions in the field of statistics, demography, geopolitics, eugenics etc. The main question is to what extent the population policy promoted by the Antonescu government was influenced by Germany; which were the elements of the Romanian ethnopolitics where there was a German influence; the means by which this influence was exerted. The project has an important comparative dimension because it regards the relation between two countries with political and ethnic interests in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which collaborated in some projects in the field, and in others they had divergent positions.

Research Focal Points

  • History of the Gypsies (Roma) in Romania and Southeast Europe
  • Ethnic minorities in Romania in 1930s and 1940s
  • Population policy in Romania, 1940-1944
  • Political and confessional relations in Southeast Europe in the 13th-15th centuries
  • History of Transylvania and Banat in the Middle Ages

Memberships (Selection)

  • Member of the International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania (in 2003-2004)
  • Member of the scientific board of the Nicolae Iorga Institute of History, Bucharest (1997-2011); Elie Wiesel National Institute for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania, Bucharest (since 2006)
  • Member of the editorial board of the journals: Revista Istorică (since 2006), Historical Yearbook (since 2008), Holocaust. Studii şi cercetări (since 2009), Archiva Moldaviae (since 2010)
  • Member of the Arbeitskreis für Siebenbürgische Landeskunde e.V. Hermannstadt (sice 2008); Gypsy Lore Society (since 2010)